Guangxi Sanjiang Opera is listed in the National “Non-legacy” Directory

A few days ago, on the occasion of the sixth "Cultural Heritage Day" in China, the State Council issued the "National Development [2011] No. 14 Document "Notice of the State Council on the publication of the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage...

A few days ago, on the occasion of the arrival of China’s sixth “Cultural Heritage Day”, the State Council issued the Document No. 14 of Guofa [2011], “Notice of the State Council on Promulgating the Third Batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritages”, and announced the third batch. There are 191 national “non-legacy” lists and 164 national “non-legacy” expansion projects. The Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County of Guangxi is famous on the list of banquets and is listed in the National “Non-legacy” list.

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The opera was produced during the Qing Jiaqing and Daoguang years. The founder was Wu Wencai, a literati from the Ladong Mountain Village in Liping County, Guizhou Province. According to the Han scriptures, he compiled two pipa scripts, namely Mei Liangyu and Li Dan and Feng Yu, and designed the aria on the basis of Yangge. After the puppet drama was born, it was very popular among the Yi people and quickly spread in the Yi area. About 1875, the opera was introduced to Sanjiang County. The opera music has traditional arias such as “big door”, “small door” and “ordinary cavity”, “crying cavity” and “tail cavity”. Musical instruments include erhu, ox leg, cymbals, drums, etc. The form of performance is relatively simple, and the actors walked eight characters on the stage. After the 1940s, the drama absorbed the strengths of other Han operas, enriched the form of performance and instrumental accompaniment, and was deeply loved by the masses. Up to now, there have been more than 400 new and old plays in the opera, and the famous repertoires include "Qin Niang Mei", "Xunzi", "甫宽", "Sister Peach" and so on.

As one of the minority operas originating in the Qing Dynasty, the opera has a strong national character and is one of the treasures of national folk drama. Despite its slow development, it has a long history. It has experienced collective creation, collective communication, continuous processing and transformation, and is simple and not monotonous, and lyrical and not inferior. It has distinct national and folk characteristics, a profound mass base, and is still developing. Its content is rich and colorful, its form is fresh and lively, and it has a strong local flavor. Since the Yi people have language but no words, the opera has become an important link for the inheritance of the national culture, and it is called the "living fossil" of the culture.

It is reported that at present, there are 1,219 national intangible cultural heritage projects, of which 37 are in Guangxi. The declaration of the third batch of national “non-legacy” directory projects was carried out under the condition that the first national “non-legacy” census was basically completed. In accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Culture for the declaration of the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage projects, the application for national-level “non-legacy” projects must be listed in the provincial (autonomous region) intangible cultural heritage list and has outstanding Historical, cultural and scientific values. A total of 3,136 projects were declared by provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and Hong Kong and Macao. After careful review by the Ministry of Culture, 191 new projects were selected and 164 were selected as extension projects. The opera in Sanjiang County, Guangxi, as an extension project of traditional drama, has become the third national “non-legacy” list of Sanjiang County after the Dai song and the Yi family's wooden architecture.


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